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BSRF - July/August 1982
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Discovery of the Second Law of Gravitation
by Craig Gunnufson
Almost everyone has heard the story in which an apple fell on
Newton's head and this led to the discovery of the Universal Law of
Gravitation, which is:
"Any two bodies attract each other with a force proportional
to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to
the square of the distance between them (F-GMm/r'2 (for
'2=squared))"
I belive I have made a very fundamental discovery which could be
called the Second Universal Law of Gravitation. It came about as an
outgrowth of my Ether Displacement Theory. The Second Law of
Gravitation states :
"Matter absorbs and re-radiates energy from the medium (ether)
which is responsible for the phenomenon known as gravitation.
The rate of energy being radiated is proportional to the
square of the mass."
(Note that radiation indicates PUSH....Vangard)
Page 1
dE/dt = kM'2 = power,
k = 7.2 X 10'-34 (to the -34th) erg/gm'2 sec
Therefore, an intrinsic property of matter is that it absorbs energy
from the ether.
The rate of acceleration of a falling object, which acquires kinetic
energy is a measure of energy flow via conduction through the ether.
For example, under Newton's law of gravitation, if one of the masses
in question is doubled, it would follow that force and therefore the
rate of acceleration would double.
Since the kinetic energy is proportional to the second power of the
velocity, we would also expect the energy flow via conduction to be
proportional to the second power of the mass times the constant.
The solar energy output is not less than 3.89 X 10'33 (to the
33rd)erg/sec. If we assume that fusion and gravitational mechanisms
are the only methods of energy production, then the ether must
supply 2.8 X 10'33 erg/sec since the neutrino measurements account
for only 27% of the Sun's energy.
From laboratory work it is known that nuclear fusion reactions give
off neutrinos. It has been generally accepted that the Sun's energy
is the result of fusion but, over the last 10 years, counts of
neutrinos emitted by the sun have been less than expected.
In "SCIENCE", January 1976, J.N. Bahcall and R. Davis, Jr. reported
finding only 1.5 Solar Neutrino Units (SNU). Under the standard
solar model, 5.5 SNU were expected. If these figures are correct,
then only 27% of the Sun's energy may be produced by fusion.
The "K" was calculated to be 7.2 X 10'-34 erg/gm'2 sec. It is
recognized that this value of "K" is a first approximation since it
is likely that celestial bodies contain other energy processes and
the neutrinos measured may be general background levels. Based on
this value the predicted minimum energy output of other celestial
bodies were then calculated :
Celestial Body Mass (M) gms Predicted Output
Earth 5.97 X 10'27 2.60 X 10'22
Jupiter 1.88 X 10'30 2.50 X 10'27
Saturn 5.60 X 10'29 2.30 X 10'26
Neptune 1.00 X 10'29 7.20 X 10'24
Uranus 8.60 X 10'28 5.30 X 10'24
Alpha Centauri "A" 2.15 X 10'33 3.33 X 10'33
Alpha Centauri "B" 1.75 X 10'33 2.20 X 10'33
Alpha Centauri "C" 2.39 X 10'32 4.10 X 10'31
(where ' preceding a number indicates to the tenth power)
There is much disagreement among geophysicists as to the Earth's
total rate of energy dissipation. Values of heat quantities
measured are on the order of magnitude of 10'20 erg/sec (Sclater,
"Review Geophys. Space Physics", Vol. 18. p. 269-300).
However, Williams and Von Herzen pointed out in 1974 that much more
heat could be lost due to hydrothermal circulation of sea water.
Page 2
Some estimates place this heat loss at 100 times greater than
continental heat loss. Therefore, at the present time, the total
energy released by the earth is highly speculative. My calculation
of 2.6 X 10'22 erg/sec is within the range of possibilities.
From the data received by the probes sent to Jupiter there is an
outer layer of atmosphere that is quite cold, but under this colder
layer is a much hotter layer, around 440 degrees Celsius.
(Encyclopedia Americana, Vol. 16, p. 254, 1979).
Because the outer layer acts as insulation, we would expect only
some portion of the energy radiated by the inner layer to escape the
planet. Using the Stefan-Boltzmann law it is possible to calculate
the upper limit of the rate of energy lost through radiation.
E = kT'4 = (5.7 X 10'-5) (713 degrees K)'4 = 1.47 X 10'7 erg/cm'2sec
Esubt = E(area) = (1.47 X 10'7) (6.48 X 10'20) = 9.5 X 10'27 erg/sec
Since some portion of this amount is able to escape through the
outer layer, then my figure of 2.5 X 10'27 erg/sec is within
probable range.
Newton himself recognized that bodies were attracted to each other,
but the actual mechanism remained a mystery to him. In the 19th
Century, Lesage theorized that a medium of hyperfine particles could
account for the inverse square law discovered by Newton.
Lesage's theory also showed that
GRAVITY IS A PUSH, NOT A PULL OR ATTRACTION.
Since then, there have been others who have come up with similar
theories independently.
(Walter Wright of Fairfield, California is the leading
exponent of the Push Gravity theory as first noted by his
then 6 year old son, Walter has since fleshed the idea out
into a complete and logical system which we of Vangard
Sciences/KeelyNet fully support.....Jerry Decker/Ron Barker)
However, Lesagian theory has had its critics. In recent times two
of the most notable are Richard Feynman and Willy Ley. In his
essay, "The Case for a Lesagian Theory of Gravitation", that
appeared in the Association for Pushing Gravity Research, 1979
Mutual Aid addition, John Kizer presented some of the arguments made
by these critics.
One of them is : "The friction generated by the impacts of these
ultra-mundane particles upon masses such as the
earth would, of necessity, make the earth white-
hot within a short period of time."
In this statement the critics are right QUALITATIVELY but not
QUANTITATIVELY. My calculations show that the earth DOES NOT HAVE
SUFFICIENT MASS to become white hot, BUT THE SUN DOES.
It can be seen that with this new law of gravitation we can
calculate the rate of energy radiation of celestial bodies. These
rates confirm the idea that space, or the ether, has usable energy.
Page 3
There is much research presently going on for the purpose of tapping
this energy. This confirmation further legitimizes this important
research.
Copyright 1981 by Craig Gunnufson, all rights reserved.
Mr. Gunnufson welcomes comment.
His address is 26176 Madison St.,
Murrieta, California 92362 USA
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Jerry W. Decker.........Ron Barker...........Chuck Henderson
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